Prefect/Nomarch: Konstantinos Fourkas
First person under Prefect: Adamantia Tzanetea (“1st Anti-Nomarch”)
Second Persons under Prefect: Panagiotis Dimas (“2nd Anti-Nomarch”)
Population: According to the census of 2001, the population of Laconia amounts to 99.671 people and corresponds to 15,8% of the total population of the region of Peloponnesus. The population density is 26,3 inhabitants per square kilometer, significantly lower than the average population density of the region of Peloponnesus as well as of the entire country. 54,8% of the population is employed in the primary sector as compared to 10,8% that deals with the secondary sector and 34,3% occupied in the tertiary/ services sector.
Prefecture of Laconia is the southern part of Greek main land. Laconia is placed 225 km away from Athens and it borders with the prefectures of Arkadia and Messinia.
History: The borders of Laconia region remain almost the same since ancient time. Inhabited since the Neolithic period (6000 – 3000 BC approx.), Laconia has been found in the center of a turbulent history that influenced strongly the entire ancient world.
Leleges are mentioned as its first inhabitants, who later were intermingled with Ionians and Achaeans. Ample remains have been found from settlements of the Mycenaean period. In the region of Sparta as well as in Amycles, Molaoi, Neapoli, Vion, Monemvasia, Geraki, villages of Taygetos and Parnonas and many areas of Mani, settlements and cemeteries demonstrate the density of the population during the Mycenaean period.
Following their advent around 1100 BC, Dorians were settled in the region and having Sparta as their base they conquered the entire Laconia.
During the paleochristianic times, Laconia suffered the invasions of barbarians and in particular of Goths. In 395 BC, it was destroyed by Alarichus. During the Byzantine times, it became province of Peloponnesus Theme, which was based in Corinth. Slavic tribes were settled in Laconiki, at the slopes of Parnonas and Taygetos, which were Hellenized from the 10th until the 13th century.
In 1458 Turks invaded against Laconia, without however succeeding in conquering the entire region, since many areas maintained their independence, in particular Mani. The occupation of Laconia was concluded in the middle of the 16th century, with the exception of Mani that managed to keep some privileges and independence.
In 1685 Laconia was occupied by the Venetians until 1715, when it was once again fall under the Turkish domination and was destroyed by the Turk-Albans due to various fights. Laconia took active part in the revolution of 1821.
Representative of LIFE EnviFriendly project
Name: Liakakos Dimitrios
Occupational position: Director of town planning department
Tel: +30 27310 - 23954
Fax: +30 27310-26118
Description of Prefecture of Laconia
Prefecture of Laconia, like all other prefectures, was founded in 1994 as the main local government authority for Laconia. The Prefecture of Laconia is a self-governed legal public entity (Law 2218/94, N.2240/94) and its main purpose is the administration of local affairs at the level of the prefecture as well as the financial, social and cultural development of the prefecture.
More specifically, the Prefecture of Laconia has responsibilities in the areas of:
- Planning and investment
- Safeguarding citizens’ rights and settlement of issues related to citizens’ civil situation
- Agriculture, fishery, cattle-breeding, land improvements, land redistribution
- Labour and employment
- Health and welfare
- Culture, sports and education
- Mercantile marine
- Police, rural police and fire brigade
- Urban planning, environment
- Industry, energy, technology, commerce
- Transport, communications
- Youth and sex equality